Clear the site of all rocks, stones or other debris larger than 2-3 inches in diameter.
Rough grade the entire area to eliminate drainage problems by sloping the grade away from building foundations and filling low-lying areas.
Till the existing soil to a minimum depth of at least 2 inches before adding any topsoil or soil amendments.
Add topsoil, if necessary, to achieve a total topsoil depth of 4-6 inches.
Test the soil pH. Follow the recommendations regarding lime or gypsum addition to correct pH discrepancies.
Apply starter fertilizer that is high in phosphate (P, or the middle number on a bag of fertilizer), at a rate recommended for the particular product. Typical starter fertilizer recommendations are 10-10-10 or 19-19-19. Lightly incorporate this starter fertilizer into the top 2-3 inches of topsoil to avoid root injury.
Lightly tamp or roll the topsoil to settle the surface and create an ideal surface for installing the sod.
Order sod and schedule delivery on the day you plan to start laying your sod.
Install day of delivery! Same-day installation of your sod is important to the success of your sod installation.
Laying Your Sod
Start at a straight line such as a driveway or walk.
Lay out the sod as you would a rug or tile.
Make sure all joints are butted tightly together, without overlapping or spaces between strips of sod.
Stagger the joints in each row like rows of bricks.
Use a large sharp knife for shaping sod around trees, at flower beds or along borders.
Completely soak the sod with at least 1″ of water. Start watering 20 minutes after the first strip is laid.
Roll the sod to smooth out small bumps and air pockets. This will assure good contact with the soil.
Immediate Watering Schedule
To gauge watering, simply place an empty can about 6″away from sprinkler.
When there is an inch of water in the can, it is time to move the sprinkler to the next area.